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国际贸易术语概述
来源:新浪博客 | 作者:cmexpress | 发布时间: 2017-02-27 | 10425 次浏览 | 分享到:

贸易术语也称价格术语或价格条件,它是用一个简单的概念或英文缩写字母来表示价格的构成及买卖双方在货物交接过程中有关手续、费用和风险的责任划分。DHL国际快递的发展离不开这些国际贸易术语,因此作为一名DHL快递工作人员,了解国际贸易术语是十分必要的。贸易术语的产生和广泛应用,对简化交易手续、缩短洽商时间、节省费用开支、促进贸易发展具有重要作用。

2.有关贸易术语的国际惯例

国际贸易惯例是指在国际贸易的长期实践中所形成的一系列具有普遍意义的习惯做法及其解释。

国际贸易惯例不是法律,它只不过是有关的国际组织或其他有权威的或有影响的组织部门就普遍存在的若干重大问题所做出的具有通则性的解释和规定,因此对双方均没有法律约束力,故买卖双方有权在合同中做出与某项惯例不符的规定。如果交易双方约定采用某种国际贸易惯例,并在合同中订明,那么这种惯例便具有了法律上的约束力;如果双方在合同中既不排除,也不明确规定采用何种惯例,一旦事后双方在交接货物的义务方面发生争议而提交诉讼或仲裁时,法院或仲裁机构往往会引用某种公认的或影响较大的有关贸易术语的国际贸易惯例。目前,国际上影响较大的关于贸易术语的国际贸易惯例主要有以下3种。

1)《1932年华沙 牛津规则》

该规则是由国际法协会所制定的。该协会于1928年在华沙举行会议,制定了关于CIF买卖合同的统一规则,主要对CIF合同的性质、特点及买卖双方对费用、责任和风险的划分做了比较详尽的解释。

2)《美国对外贸易定义1941年修订本》

该规则是由美国的9个商业团体制定的,并于1941731日经美国商会、美国进口商会和美国全国对外贸易协会所组成的联合委员会通过,称为《美国对外贸易定义1941年修订本》,分别解释了以下6种贸易术语:

1ExPointofOrigin)(原产地交货)

2FOBFreeonBoard)(在运输工具上交货)

3FASFree AlongsideShip)(在运输工具旁边交货)

4C&FCost&Freight)(成本加运费)

5CIFCostInsuranceandFreight)(成本加保险费、运费)

6Ex Dock...namedportofimportation)(目的港码头交货)

3)《2000年国际贸易术语解释通则》

2000年国际贸易术语解释通则》(INCOTERMS2000)(以下简称《2000通则》)是国际商会为了统一对各种贸易术语的解释而制定的。最早的《2000通则》产生于1936年,定名为INCOTERMS1936,后来为适应国际贸易业务发展的需要,国际商会先后进行过多次修改和补充。现行的《2000规则》是国际商会根据近十年来形势的变化和国际贸易发展的需要,在《1990通则》的基础上修订产生的,并于200011日起生效。《2000通则》中共包含了413种贸易术语

以上就是国际贸易术语的一些基本理论,如果你还有国际快递方面的其他问题或者想要寄送国际快递,欢迎联系藏美国际快递,我们不仅提供免费包装,还提供免费上门取件服务,如果你在上海地区,详情请咨询上海DHL取件电话有专业的人员为你解答。

 

Trade terms, also known as prices terms or conditions, it is a simple concept or English abbreviation to show the price structure and related procedures in the process of transfer of goods between the seller and the buyer, cost and risk of the responsibility. DHL international express depends on the development of the international trade terms, so as a DHL staff, understand the international trade terms is very necessary. Trade terms and is widely used, to simplify the transaction procedures, shortening the time of negotiation, save expenses and promote trade development plays an important role.

2. The international convention on trade terms

International trade practice is to point to in the long-term practice of international trade of a series of universal practice and its interpretation.

International trade practice is not law, it is only the relevant international organizations or other authority or influence the organization department of the prevalence of some major problems with general principles of interpretation and regulation, so is not legally binding upon both parties, the buyer and the seller shall have the right to make in the contract and an inconsistent rules. If in some international trade practice, both parties agreed and stipulated in the contract, then this kind of practice is the legal binding; If the two sides in the contract does not rule out already, also does not specify what practices, once the two sides in the delivery of the goods later obligations disputes and litigation or arbitration, court or arbitration institution will often refer to a recognized or influential international trade practice on trade terms. At present, the great influence on international trade terms of basically has the following three kinds of international trade practice.

1) "in 1932 Warsaw, Oxford rules"

The rules are set by the international law association. The association held the meeting in Warsaw in 1928, established a unified rules on CIF sales contract, mainly on the nature and characteristics of CIF contract and the buyer and the seller of expenses, the division of responsibilities and risks made a more detailed explanation.

2) the American foreign trade definitions 1941 revision"

The rule is set by the nine U.S. business groups, and on July 31, 1941, the American chamber of commerce, chamber of commerce, imports from the United States and the United States, the national association of foreign trade of joint committee through, known as the American foreign trade definitions 1941 revision, respectively explained in the following six kinds of trade terms:

(1) the Ex (PointofOrigin) (delivery) of origin

(2) the FOB (FreeonBoard) (delivery) on the transport

(3) FAS (Free AlongsideShip) (next to the transport of delivery)

(4) C&F (Cost&Freight) (cost and freight)

(5) CIF (Cost, InsuranceandFreight) (Cost plus insurance and freight)

(6) the Ex Dock (... namedportofimportation) (the port of destination port of delivery)

3) "incoterms 2000"

The "incoterms 2000" (INCOTERMS2000) (hereinafter referred to as the general principles of the "2000") is the international chamber of commerce in order to unify the explanation for all kinds of trade terms. As early as the general principles of the "2000" was created in 1936, entitled INCOTERMS1936, later in order to adapt to the needs of the development of international trade business, modification and supplement of the international chamber of commerce has many times. The current of the 2000 rules is the international chamber of commerce according to the change of the situation in the recent ten years the needs of the development of international trade, on the basis of the general principles of the "1990" revision, and take effect on January 1, 2000. The general principles of the "2000" of the communist party of China contains four groups of 13 kinds of trade terms.

Above is the international trade terms some of the basic theory, if you still have the other problems of the international express delivery, or want to send the international express delivery, welcome to contact hidden beauty international express, we not only provide free packaging, also provide free door-to-door pick-up service, if you are in Shanghai area, please consulting Shanghai DHL to take the phone, have professional staff to answer for you.

 

 

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